LOCUST ATTACK IN INDIA: WHY INDIA HAS A DESERT PROBLEM THIS YEAR.


LOCUST ATTACK IN INDIA :WHY INDIA HAS A DESERT PROBLEM THIS YEAR.

First ,there is Coronavirus then economic recession then cyclone and now a locust attack.

One problem doesn't get over and yet another one crops up.Everyone has an question that What are locusts? Why are they attacking us? What are the reason behind this?

Some people in our country believe that Pakistan is responsible for this.Pakistan has sent these terrorist locusts to india.And this is also done by Pakistan to affect peoples of india.

One of the reporter claimed that Pakistan been relying on locusts now instead of the army in order to attack india?

Is there a nano GPS chip fixed onto these locusts with which Imran Khan is controlling them through a remote?

It makes me laugh to think that reporter like this consider their audience to be utter fools.Now reverting to the topic, Let's start what are locust?

What are Locusts?


Locust is an insect which is quite similar to grasshopper and cricket. Infact ,all these three insects belong to the same family.Locusts are generally found in desert regions.Unique thing about locusts is that it exists in two phases-It has 2 norms.These forms are -When it is present alone,then it looks somewhat like solitary phase.But when it is present in crowds,and the environmental conditions are congenial.For example,wet soil after recent rains with trees and plants in full bloom.Then they transform their forms completely.Then they are known as Gregarious phase.Everything is different in both the phases.In similar manner,it evolves into another phase if environmental conditions are congenial.

How bad are locust plagues?

First you have to know how large are locust swarms?
The swarm found in kenya in 2020 was 40 km by 60km in dimension(2400 sq.kilometers distance covered).And in swarm,there can be more than 150 million locusts within one square kilometer.(150,000,000 locusts/sq.km).And a swarm can eat as much as 2,500 people in one day.This is the reason that the locusts are the kind of species that have the most economic impact.

History of locust plagues.

The locust attack in India in the year 2020 is the worst locust attack ever in the past few years.1993 was the last time conditions were so bad. But this is not a recent phenomena.These locust attacks have been happening for thousands of years throughout the human history.This is the reason why they are mentioned in a lot of religious texts.Bible and Quran also mentions the locust plagues.It is believed that the locust plague mentioned in bible and Quaran is happened in reality in Egypt So,this is a problem that has been festering for ages.But now, climate change is indirectly held responsible for the locusts attacks happening today.

Cause of locust attack in india?

The Indian Ocean is warming up more than usual due to the climate change.The rains become more extreme due to enhanced heating of the ocean.Torrential rains hit East Africa around the time of December 2019. Infact,there are floods as well.Due to this floods and torrential rains,congenial and environmental conditions are created for the locusts.So,this becomes a great opportunity for the locusts to breed and change into the gregarious phase.By the time,it travelled to Iran ,then Pakistan and now at the end of May,this plague has begun its move towards India.

So, all you have the questions that how we can fight with locust plague?

1.The first and the most common solution adopted by most of the countries most frequently is simply spraying them with pesticides and insecticides.The problem with this solution is that this has a lot of negative impacts.

2.Then Another solution could be the use of Eco friendly pesticides.The experts observed that Eco-friendly pesticides do not harm the environment.But hence they are less effective. 

3.And the third solution is use of loud noises.The locusts flee from any kind of noise.This is the solution that our farmers have implemented.But it can be implemented on a very short scale.

And another unique solution which was tested out in Pakistan -OKARA District.Basically ,the farmers were asked to trap these locusts and collect them and submit them in bags.

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